Ananas comosus.



Introduction

About pineapple
   Christopher Columbus arrived in Guadeloupe in the West Indies on 4 November 1493 during his second voyage to the New World. At a Carib village, he and his sailors encountered pineapple plants and fruit, with the astonishing flavor and fragrance delighting them then and us today. At that time, pineapple was already cultivated on a continent-wide scale following its initial domestication in northern South America, possibly more than 6,000 years before the present. By the end of the sixteenth century, pineapple had become pantropical. Because of the success of industrial production in Hawaii in the last century, pineapple is now not only a routine part of our diet, but also has captured public imagination and become part of popular culture. Today, pineapple is cultivated on 1.02 million hectares of land in over 80 countries worldwide, and 24.8 million metric tonnes of fruit are produced annually with a gross production value approaching $9 billion. Pineapple has outstanding nutritional and medicinal properties.and is a model for studying the evolution of CAM photosynthesis, which has arisen convergently in many semiarid regions. Cultivated pineapple, A. comosus (L.) Merr., is self-incompatible, whereas wild species are self-compatible, providing an opportunity to dissect the molecular basis of self-incompatibility in monocots. As part of the Bromeliaceae family, the pineapple lineage diverged from the lineage leading to grasses (Poaceae) early in the history of the Poales, about 100 million years ago, offering an outgroup and evolutionary reference for the investigation of cereal genome evolution.

About Ananas comosus.
Ananas comosus. : the largest herbaceous flowering plant
Ananas comosus.    Ananas is a plant genus of the Bromeliad family (Bromeliaceae), native to South America and Central America which includes the species Ananas comosus, the pineapple. This genus originated in Mesoamerica and was brought to the Caribbean Islands by the Carib natives. The oldest register with the representation of the fruit seems to be included in the Cascajal Block, attributed to the Olmec civilization.

News

On November 2nd, a research paper titled “The pineapple genome and the evolution of CAM photosynthesis” was published online by the research team of Professor Ray Ming of the UIUC-SIB Joint Center for Genomics and Biotechnology in the international academic authoritative journal of 《Nature •Genetics》, FAFU was the research unit of both the first author and the corresponding author.

Publications

the published online address: http://www.nature.com/ng/journal/vaop/ncurrent/full/ng.3435.html